Herniated Disc

Herniated Disc

A common source of back or neck pain is a Herniated Disc. Typically referred to as a “slipped” or “ruptured” disc, this condition mostly happens within the lower back, also like the smaller disks in the neck.

Although a Herniated Disc can typically be very painful, most people feel far better with just a couple of months of simple, nonsurgical treatments.

Discs are soft, rubbery pads found between the hard bones (vertebrae) that frame the spinal column. The discs between the vertebrae allow the back to flex or bend. Discs conjointly act as shock absorbers.

Discs within the lumbar spine (low back) are composed of a thick outer ring of cartilage (annulus) and an inner gel-like substance (nucleus). Within the cervical spine (neck), the disks are similar however smaller in size.

A Disc Herniates or ruptures once a part of the middle nucleus pushes through the outer edge of the disc and back toward the spinal canal. This puts pressure on the nerves. Spinal nerves are terribly sensitive to even slight amounts of pressure, which may end in pain, numbness, or weakness in one or both legs.

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Symptoms a patient may experience from Disc Herniations can include:

Pain that is local to the mid back, low back, or neck

Weakness or atrophy in extremities

Radicular symptoms such as pain shooting into the extremities (shoulders, arms, hands, legs, hips, and feet)

Procedures

Minimally invasive procedures that may be considered when suffering from disc herniations

Total Disc Replacement

Cervical total disc replacement is a surgical procedure that involves removing a damaged or compromised cervical disc and replacing it with a prosthesis to add support and structure in between the cervical vertebral segments while still m…

Laminotomy

A laminotomy is a surgical procedure where a small portion of the lamina is removed from the vertebral body so that decompression may be achieved. A laminotomy is typically performed in conjunction with other decompressive procedures such…

ACDF

Anterior Cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is a surgical procedure that involves fixation of cervical vertebral segments to achieve decompression in the cervical spine. Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion is a very common procedur…

Foraminotomy

A minimally invasive foraminotomy is a procedure that is typically done in conjunction with other spinal procedures that can include laminotomy, discectomy, and possibly other decompressive procedures. In understanding spinal anatomy and …

Percutaneous Discectomy

A percutaneous discectomy is a surgical procedure that involves removal of disc material that may be causing spinal cord or nerve root irritation and inflammation. A discectomy is typically performed on bulging herniated, or protruding di…

Epidural Steroid Injection

Epidural steroid injections (or ESI) are typically performed after non-invasive measures (physical therapy and/or chiropractic) have failed. An ESI procedure involves delivering a steroid medication directly to the site of the inflammation…

Tranforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion

Trans-foraminal lumber interbody fusion is a surgical procedure that involves placing implants (also know as a cage or space) in between lumbar vertebral segments with bone graft to achieve fusion of the vertebrae. This procedure is often…

Total Disc Replacement

Cervical total disc replacement is a surgical procedure that involves removing a damaged or compromised cervical disc and replacing it with a prosthesis to add support and structure in between the cervical vertebral segments while still m…

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